CREATE LITERATURE DIRECTORY

Difference between a bibliography and a bibliography

A bibliography is the fullest possible indication of literature on a particular topic. Since you only process a small part of the existing scientific literature on your topic in your bachelor thesis or seminar paper, it would be better to talk about a bibliography.

The bibliography

Even a bibliography is characterized in a sense by completeness. When you create your bibliography, you list all the titles you referred to in your term paper or bachelor thesis. Titles that you may have read but not directly or indirectly cited, ie that do not correspond to a document within the text, should not be included when you create your bibliography.

This could be considered as an artificial inflation of the bibliography. On the other hand, all titles that you refer to in your bachelor thesis, master thesis or term paper must appear in the bibliography.

Bibliography as a counterpart to your sources

Even if you use footnotes in the text and complete bibliographic references (at the first mention), this does not replace the fact that you are creating a bibliography. And if you have used the American or any other way of working with abbreviated statements, the reader will only be able to access the exact document with the bibliography. No matter with which citation you make the source in the text, the corresponding title must be clearly identified in the bibliography. Open example

Bibliographic information for monographs

A monograph is a scientific representation of a more or less narrowly defined topic. It is an independent publication in contrast to articles or contributions in journals, anthologies, Festschrift etc.

The bibliographical reference in the bibliography is intended to provide the reader with the necessary information so that he knows exactly which publication it is when quoting from one source.


A bibliographic statement must include monographs to be complete, last name, first name (s), main title, subtitle, place of publication and year of publication. In addition, the circulation of the source must be named, unless it is the first edition.

Several authors

Several authors or publishers are separated by a slash or semicolon in the bibliography. For more than three authors, only the first is given, and the others are referenced with an “et al.” For “et alii” (and others).

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