LITERATURE DIRECTORY

Indication of place of publication, year of publication and circulation
The place of publication, the year of publication and higher than the first edition must be stated in the bibliography. Only in this way can the publication from which you cite be clearly identified.

If the place of publication and or year can not be deduced from the source, this can be done with . The circulation is given after the title or as superscript before the year. If it concerns an extended and or changed edition, this must be indicated.

Specification of publisher and series

Increasingly, the publisher is mentioned in the bibliography. But then you should do this consistently for all titles. Usually the publisher is named after the place of publication and a colon before the year.

If the book appears as part of a series, this can be stated in brackets when you create the bibliography. It is best to mention the series titles and the number of bands in parentheses after the title and before the name of the place, publisher and year.

However, if the number of the series is not required, consider whether it is absolutely necessary in your bibliography. Row data can inflate the bibliography unnecessarily and make confusing – and confusion is essential to avoid. In some fields, such. As a lawyer, almost every monograph will be part of a series.

It is best to put essay titles in quotation marks to remove them from independent publications – monographs, anthologies, etc. For essays in journals, the bibliography (mostly vintage) and the year must be stated in the bibliography next to the journal title.

The place of the respective work to which you refer, in the text, do not mention, when you create the bibliography. For an essay, however, you must indicate where it is in the compilation or the journal.

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